NLP is an eclectic body of thought which is a branch of the Cognitive Sciences and Cognitive Behavioural Psychology. It grew out of General Semantics (Korzybski), Transformational Grammar (Chomsky), Anthropology and Cybernetics (Bateson), Reframing (Watzlawick et al), Family Systems (Virginia Satir), Gestalt Therapy (Perls), Medical Hypnosis (Erickson) and several related studies.
It consists of a set of models, presuppositions, patterns, techniques, and observation-based theories resulting from the study of the structure of subjective experience, behaviour and communication. It begins with an interest in people and a quite holistic concept of the person. A basic principle : "Our mind and body are interconnected and we are responsible for the models of the world we create".
NLP has two areas of application : how we communicate with others and how we communicate with ourselves. NLP explores the relationship between
It is about how we do things and shows how -to run your brain, to be a more-effective human being, -to improve your learning and communication skills, your mind influences in your health and to control how you feel. Nowadays, NLP seems to be a positive element for a lot of people. However, in spite of its growing influence all over the world, there is some criticism against it.
The Presuppositions of NLP
NLP makes a number of presuppositions . Presuppositions or assumptions are the beliefs a person will find useful in effecting changes to themselves and/or to the world.
Have a look at some tips for your lessons based on these presuppositions :
-Using the influence of positive management. Efficient communication requires positive instructions.
NLP and the different learning styles
NLP's practical applications include understanding how we learn, developing strategies for both students and teachers, using our five senses, and making use of accelerated learning techniques. One of its contributions in education is to make teachers think more about VAKOG - the different learning styles (Visual, Auditory, Kinaesthetic, Olfactory, Gustatory). Each one of us learns in a different way. V, A and K are the ones most often used.
It is important to know the student's learning style. If you can speak the language your students normally use, you will connect with them at a deeper level. There are different tests available in the web to know your predominant learning style :
VISUAL : We learn through what we see and we learn best by "seeing" colour pictures, videotapes or graphics. Visual learners learn best when they see the material on a page or on a blackboard; they like demonstrations of the material. They prefer to read the handouts and look at the illustrations the presenter puts on the board. They also take excellent notes. Visual people :
-are neat and orderly
Sensory imput : Diagrams / Posters / Comics / Shapes / Objetcs / Photos / Video / Magazines / Cartoons / Catalogues / Visual games / Mind maps / Charts / Colours / Gestures / Boards / Overheads / Newspapers / Brochures / Drawings. Have a look at some activities for this type of learning preferences
-learn by listening, and remember what was discussed rather than seen
Sensory input : Stories / Songs / Music / Sounds / Listening / Repetition / Cassettes / Dialogues / Instructions / Discussion / Rhythm / Dictation / Pair-work / Identify voices / Radio / Listen video / Reading aloud / Whispering games / Identify sounds / Role play. Have a look at some activities for this type of learning preferences
KINAESTHETIC : We learn from movement and touching. We learn best through physical movement. Kinaesthetic learners need to do projects and to be actively involved. They do best with "hands on" activities and group interaction. Kinaesthetic people :
-learn by manipulating and doing
Sensory input : Mime / Brain gym / Physical exercise / Moving around / Role play / Surveys / Acting out / Relaxation / Games / Project work / Touching. Have a look at some activities for this type of learning preferences
NLP in teaching and in education
Neuro Linguistic Programming enhances people to be aware of what they want to achieve, to stablish their own goals and to do what they have to do to achieve them. It is very useful to help people to make the most of themselves. That's why it can be very useful in education. Some key points of NLP are :
OUTCOME- know what you want in class (goal, objective)
"The better the teacher, the better the learning". NLP's practical applications include understanding how we learn, developing strategies for both students and teachers, using our five senses, and making use of accelerated learning techniques. Education is a way to open our minds and NLP can help us in this task
NLP can help teachers and learners making our students better learners and better users of the target language, helping teachers design task, exercises and strategies, improving our relationship and communication skills with the students, reminding us the differences between learners, offering teachers and students more choices about behaviour and emotions and developing new abilities in thinking.
But NLP is more than a teaching method. It is an approach to life, learning and communication. For NLP, "the mind is like a parachute - it works only when it is open".
NLP can enhance all aspects of our life by improving our learning to teach effectively, gaining a stronger sense of self-esteem, greater motivation, better understanding of communication and other things which involve our brain. I t gives us the opportunity to communicate better with others and to learn how to gain more control over what we considered to be automatic functions of our own neurology. It helps to open our minds because :
-it tells us about how we think and learn.
And remember this Chinese proverb :
"If you want one year of prosperity, grow seeds,
Some basic reading:
Fletcher M, (2000). Teaching for Succes. Brain friendly Publications
Revell, J & Norman, S. (1999). Handing Over. London, Saffire Press.
O'Connor, J. & Seymour, J. (1990) Introducing Neuro-Linguistic Programming. London, HarperCollins.
Verlee Williams, L. (1983). Teaching for the two-sided mind. New Jersey, Prentice-Hall.